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Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR)

Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) to reduce SDLT

Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) can be beneficial for those making multiple property purchases. By utilizing MDR, individuals have the opportunity to lower the amount of stamp duty land tax (SDLT) incurred when acquiring multiple properties in a single transaction. This relief can be a valuable tool in reducing tax liabilities associated with multiple property purchases.

What is multiple dwellings relief for SDLT? - Claim MDR.

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What is multiple dwellings relief for SDLT?

Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) is a measure implemented by HMRC to encourage investment in residential property. It allows individuals or companies to claim relief on Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) when purchasing multiple dwellings in a single transaction. This relief can be applied when buying multiple properties from a developer or when transferring properties from personal ownership to a limited company. MDR aims to reduce barriers and provide tax relief for those investing in residential properties.

MDR, or Multiple Dwellings Relief, is a provision under Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) that calculates the tax based on the average value of multiple properties being purchased, rather than the individual or total purchase prices.

The relief for multiple residential rental properties can lower the rate of SDLT payable when specific conditions are fulfilled.

Consult Our Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) Experts

Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) Experts are professionals well-versed in the intricacies of the Multiple Dwellings Relief scheme, which offers potential savings to individuals and companies purchasing multiple residential properties in a single transaction.

These experts possess a deep understanding of the eligibility criteria, application process, and potential pitfalls associated with MDR.

With their specialised knowledge and experience, MDR Experts provide invaluable guidance to clients seeking to maximise the benefits of this relief while ensuring compliance with all relevant regulations and requirements. Trusted advisors in the field of property taxation, MDR Experts play a crucial role in helping clients navigate the complexities of multiple dwelling transactions with confidence and efficiency.

To discuss your position, please contact our SDLT experts and book a telephone or face to face consultation.


What is classed as a dwelling?

The term ‘dwelling’ typically describes a residential structure in which a single household resides, such as a house or apartment. It encompasses residential dwelling and the associated land, such as a garden, as well as land that adds value to the dwelling, like a detached garage within a housing complex.

The types of properties that can be claimed under multiple dwellings relief include:

  • Houses, apartments or flats bought together.
  • A self-contained annex purchased with a house.
  • Mixed-use property (e.g. a shop with a flat above).

What is a linked transaction?

A linked transaction refers to multiple property transactions that occur between the same buyer and seller. This can also include the transfer of a personally held property portfolio into a limited company. In such cases, the Stamp Duty Land Tax is calculated based on the combined value of all the properties involved in the linked transaction. This means that the tax rate may be higher compared to that of an individual property. However, Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) can be applied, and the tax rate is determined based on the average purchase price of the dwellings involved.


When does multiple dwellings Relief not apply?

MDR does not apply when transferring a freehold reversion or head lease involving a dwelling with a lease term of two or more dwellings for 21 years or longer.

If you happen to reduce the number of dwellings purchased within three years after the initial transaction, it is likely that you will be required to submit another return and recalculate the tax due.

Does multiple dwellings relief apply with non-residential property included?

When deciding on how to treat a transaction, buyers have the option to either treat it as a commercial property transaction and utilize the commercial property Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) rates, or they can opt for the residential rates and benefit from Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) relief. However, it is important to note that the commercial rates of SDLT cannot be used in conjunction with MDR.


Can I claim MDR for mixed-use properties?

Mixed-use properties are defined as buildings that have both residential and non-residential elements. An example of this would be a property that includes a show or shop on the lower level and a flat or apartment above it.

MDR, or the Mixed-Use Development Relief, can only be used for the residential portion of a transaction. For non-residential parts, regular SDLT rates will apply.

Can I claim multiple dwellings relief for off-plan property purchase?

The relief provides for purchasing properties that are not yet constructed or adapted for residential use by the transaction’s effective date. Please note that this information is subject to change and it is advisable to consult the relevant authorities for the most accurate details.

According to HMRC, the term “off-plan” refers to a property purchase in which the contract involves the construction of a dwelling that has not yet begun at the time the contract is substantially completed. This definition is separate from buying undeveloped land with planning permission, but without the obligation to construct a dwelling. The Mandatory Disclosure Rules (MDR) will be applicable to the former scenario, but not to the latter.


Do I have to pay the 3% SDLT Surcharge?

If you own a home, a 3% Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) surcharge is applicable when purchasing additional residential properties. It is important to note that this surcharge does not apply when purchasing a home to replace your current residence.

Multiple Dwellings Relief offers potential savings in stamp duty when purchasing two or more properties. However, both Stamp Duty Land Tax and Multiple Dwellings Relief can be intricate and complex. It is advisable to seek professional guidance to navigate through these complexities.

When considering whether to claim multiple dwellings relief, it is important to carefully weigh your options. This relief does not apply automatically and must be claimed. Additionally, in certain cases, a purchaser may opt for a different rule where the total purchase price of six or more dwellings in one transaction is treated as a non-residential transaction for SDLT purposes. To determine the most tax-efficient route, it is advisable to seek professional advice from a tax expert who can assess the available options and guide you accordingly.


When can you claim multiple dwellings Relief?

To be eligible for Multiple Dwellings Relief, your transaction must involve at least two dwellings. However, if it is a single dwelling that is part of a ‘linked transaction,’ it can also qualify acquisition relief. A linked transaction refers to a connected series of property transfers.

To qualify for multiple dwellings relief, it is necessary to acquire two or more properties in the same transaction or linked in separate transactions. If the purchase involves between 2 and 5 properties, residential MDR will be applicable. However, if the properties being purchased are more than 5 or a mix of residential and commercial, non-residential SDLT rates can be applied. It is worth noting that non-residential SDLT rates are generally lower than residential rates.


Does an annexe qualify for multiple dwelling relief?

The classification of an annexe as a separate dwelling depends on its self-contained nature. While some self-contained annexes may be considered separate dwellings, it’s not always the case. The criteria for determining this can vary, so it’s best to seek specific advice in each situation.

Claiming multiple dwellings relief

Multiple dwellings relief is a tax relief that can be claimed when purchasing multiple residential properties. Professional advisors or SDLT accountants can assist in claiming this relief save tax amount.

To provide evidence of multiple dwellings, a surveyor’s report or property floor plan can be useful, containing detailed information.


Can I claim multiple dwellings relief retrospectively?

Yes, it is possible to make a retrospective Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) claim if you have overpaid stamp duty. You have up to 12 months from the filing date to submit the claim.

The relief for Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR) on Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) can be claimed or amended if it was not included in the initial return. These amendments can be made within a time frame of up to twelve months from the original return filing.

Is multiple dwellings relief available for non-residents?

Yes, Multiple Dwellings Relief can be claimed when purchasing multiple dwellings, even by non-UK residents who are subject to higher rates. For more information please contact our property accountants.


Stamp Duty Land Tax Experts

Our SDLT Experts can help you with Multiple Dwellings Relief (MDR), a valuable opportunity for reducing Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) costs when purchasing multiple residential properties in a single transaction.

MDR is designed to provide financial relief by calculating the SDLT based on the average price of the properties rather than on each individual property’s market value. This can result in considerable savings for buyers looking to invest in multiple residential units such as a block of flats or houses.

By utilising Multiple Dwellings Relief, investors and buyers can significantly reduce their SDLT liability, making the process of acquiring multiple residential properties more financially viable.

This relief is particularly beneficial for property developers, landlords, and individuals looking to purchase multiple dwellings for investment purposes.

Our team of experts is well-versed in the intricacies of MDR and can guide you through the process to ensure you maximise your potential savings while remaining fully compliant with SDLT regulations.

Understanding the nuances of Multiple Dwellings Relief is crucial for anyone looking to benefit from reduced SDLT costs when purchasing multiple residential properties. Our dedicated team of SDLT experts possesses the knowledge and experience necessary to navigate the complexities of MDR and help you secure the most advantageous outcome for your property investments.

Contact us today to discover how Multiple Dwellings Relief can work in your favour and to receive tailored guidance tailored to your specific circumstances.

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